To backup your WordPress website on Linux you can follow these steps:
1. Log in via ssh to your server.
2. Change directory where your website files are located. For example:
$ cd /home/shkodenko/public_html
3. Find out MySQL connection settings using command:
$ grep -ni "DB" ./wp-config.php
You will need these lines below.
4. Create backup of MySQL database using mysqldump utility. For example:
$ mysqldump -h localhost -u db_user -p db_name > ./wp-content/uploads/db_name.sql
5. I am checking MySQL dump using tail and head utilities:
$ tail -n 15 -f ./wp-content/uploads/db_name.sql
$ head -n 15 -f ./wp-content/uploads/db_name.sql
I am using sha1sum command to get SQL dump file checksum:
$ sha1sum -b ./wp-content/uploads/db_name.sql
I am checking SQL dump file information usinng ls command:
$ ls -Alh ./wp-content/uploads/db_name.sql
All these steps above in 5 can be skipped. I making these checks for history and possible future verification purposes if something will go wrong.
6. Making archive:
tar cpjf /home/shkodenko/shkodenko.com-backup.tar.bz2 ./
7. Some additional commands for verification with backup file:
$ sha1sum -b /home/shkodenko/shkodenko.com-backup.tar.bz2
$ ls -Alh /home/shkodenko/shkodenko.com-backup.tar.bz2
8. Cleaning garbage:
$ rm -fv ./wp-content/uploads/db_name.sql
2 thoughts on “Backup WordPress website procedure for Linux”
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